It is always an intriguing exercise reviewing the pedigrees of great horses in an endeavour to discover what made them excel above all others.
If you get lucky, you can piece together commonalities or similarities which may be useful in your own breeding ambitions to produce that superior horse.
These are the fundamentals to which every breeder should aspire in the pursuit of excellence.
The late Clive Harper in yet another of his masterpieces "The Thoroughbred Breeders' Handbook" 1997 acclaimed 1992-3 Australian Horse Of The Year the mighty Veandercross as the greatest example of the strategy of inbreeding in the fourth generation and linebreeding extensively to the background of the inbreeding.
What then is the rationale behind this?
Harper identifies stamina as being built up from many multiples of the same ancestor, or close relatives of that ancestor, in particular between the 6th and the 10th generations.
He also points out that pedigree strength dissipates if not reinforced closer up reasoning that the probability factor is not there as it is with closer duplications.
A simple exercise in mathematics if you like dabbling with fractions.
Accompanying these thoughts and observations are the build up of common crosses that may be found throughout the pedigree ( of both sire and dam ) many of which may occur back in genes and certainly beyond the 10th generational level.
To balance stamina attributes there is also need for speed and the constant need to reinject speed.
The late Harold Hampton, the forefather of thoroughbred pedigree analysis in New Zealand, states numerous times in his works "The First Scientific Principles Of Thoroughbred Breeding" 1954 ( coincidentally the same year the Master of Thoroughbred Breeding Federico Tesio passed ) and "The First Scientific Principles Of Thoroughbred Breeding - The Origin Of Speed" 1956 that the creation of speed lay much closer up in a pedigree, particularly at the 4th and 5th generational levels, a finding also totally vindicated by Harper.
In relation to the findings of both Hampton and Harper we have elected to take three examples; Veandercross ( 1988 ), Might And Power ( 1993 ) and a more recent example in Verry Elleegant ( 2015 ) to see how closely they comply.
We are only too well aware that there are more examples like these but these three are sufficient to more than illustrate their findings.
As Clive Harper points out, Veandercross was bred by Wanganui school teacher Chris Turner, also a member of the the well known Levin Breeder's Forum to which Harper also belonged as did Peter Jenkins, now resident pedigree alchemist for John Messara at Arrowfield Stud. So Turner would have experienced a good grounding in the techniques involved in piecing together a superior pedigree.
Just like Bonecrusher, Veandercross was also colossal proof that you can take a seemingly non-descript mare like Lavender ( by Super Gray ) and mate her to an equally non-descript stallion Crossways and produce a champion, just like the Mitchell's did with Imitation ( by Oakville ) in her mating with Pag-Asa to produce Bonecrusher.
A perusal of Veandercross's 7-generational pedigree ( which is probably all we require to stake out speed inheritance ) firstly reveals that he is inbred on a 3x3 reverse-sex cross to Nijinsky II ( via Crossways dam Silky and Lavender's sire Super Gray ).
This not only provides Veandercross with a breeding core but also a likely "engine room", one based on speed, precocity and beyond.
Nijinsky II was English and Irish Champion 2YO 1969 and English and Irish Champion 3YO 1970 in a year that also saw him crowned English Horse Of The Year. His victories stretched from 1200m in the Railway Stakes ( as a juvenile at The Curragh ) through to the English St Leger Stakes ( at Doncaster ). His defining traits were his brilliant acceleration and his fluent galloping action.
Next we note that Veandercross possesses a 4x4 Rasmussen Factor ( breeding back to superior females through different individuals within the first 5 generations ) to the broodmare bluehen Somethingroyal but not through her most famed son Secretariat, but rather through another son Sir Gaylord ( grandsire of Crossways ) and daughter Loyal Land ( dam of Lavender's sire Super Gray ).
So in Veandercross we see a lot of the action happening at both the 3rd and 4th generational levels with that occuring at the 4th generational level also vindicating the strength of inbreeding to superior females to extrude speed.
Moving to the 6th through 10th generational levels as identified by Harper, it is noted that Crossways carries two presences of the mare Flying Vixen ( as granddam of Orpen and the great granddam of Challenger II ) who is a daughter of Flying Fox ( grandsire of Teddy ) and out of the mare Amphora.
Hence the pedigree match not only introduces two daughters of Flying Fox balancing the sons of Teddy but also Amphora is a full-sister to Sundridge.
Harper drools at the fact that in this one pedigree Flying Vixen combines the two basic strengths that also prevailed in Northern Dancer. If only Veandercross had not been gelded?
Harper adds that further genetic dynamite was provided through Veandercross's direct maternal line where his 9th dam Vane ( Orme - Vampire ) is a full-sister to Flying Fox.
Immersed in the realms of stamina creation and reaching well beyond the scope of a 7-generational Tesio printout Harper further identifies Veandercross as possessing some 30 examples of the Bend Or / Macaroni cross as well as 20 examples of the Sundridge / Ayrshire / Melton symbiosis.
Truly a pedigree pattern for breeders to aspire with their own creations.
Why, every time you go to spell this marvellous mare's name, it never looks right?".
What is easy to spell though is the name of Verry Elleegant's sire Zed ( a son of Zabeel ) and dam Opulence ( a daughter of Danroad, by Danehill ) hence being bred on an already highly proven cross of effectively Zabeel over Danehill.
Like Veandercross, Verry Elleegant also earned the crown of Australian Horse Of The Year for the 2020 season and to date has recorded 14 wins from her 32 starts for lifetime earnings in excess of $9.3 million.
And also like Veandercross, she has a remarkably similar pedigree construction, well close up at least.
Verry Elleegant is 3x3 reverse-sexed to Danehill ( as opposed to Nijinsky II as was the case for Veandercross ) thus also carrying a notable close up breeding core and likely "engine room" source.
Danehill was a high class sprinter in England and France winning from 1200m to 1600m. He was an excellent mover with a low fluid gait.
And yet again like Veandercross, Verry Elleegant also carries a 4x4 Rasmussen Factor but this time to Cotehele House ( a daughter of broodmare phenomenon Eight Carat ) but unlike Veandercross where his female duplication came in sex balance ( via a son and daughter of Somethingroyal ) Verry Elleegant's comes through two female presences ( daughters of Cotehele House ) in Theme Song ( granddam of Zed ) and Chalet Girl ( granddam of Opulence ) these two being half-sisters by Sackford and Imposingly respectively.
As these half-sisters both appear in the direct maternal ( tail female ) pedigrees of each of Verry Elleegant's parents, not only does this exceptional racemare carry a 4x4 Rasmussen Factor to their dam Cotehele House but it occurs via a feature recognised as "Breeding Back Into The Herd" ( aka BBITH ).
A former Australian standardbred pedigree guru Mr Gordon Campbell ( now retired ) was a huge advocate of the incorporation of Rasmussen Factors into a pedigree wherever the opportunity arose and even more so if this could be effected by way of "Breeding Back Into The Herd".
Campbell, along with his wife, created Australia's largest privately-owned standardbred database ( via Computabred Ltd ) to substantiate his advocacy with hard core factual statistics whenever challenged. One could not counter argue.
So what lies behind his great belief in "Breeding Back Into The Herd?".
Campbell reasoned that it most closely simulated that which occurred naturally in the wild when breeding.
Dominant stallions would cover even their own close family members ( inbreeding ) if they met the criteria that governed survival where qualities ( attributes if you like ) such as strength, determination, speed, stamina, toughness and a turn of foot were all highly essential in the evolution of the breed.
Campbell also identified these same qualities as also being required in the heat of the battle out on the racetrack. If you had a full arsenal the more your chances of aspiring to greatness.
No wonder Verry Elleegant has recorded nine Group 1 victories to date with signs that she may not be finished yet!
We are not going to delve too deeply into the deeper removes of her pedigree to highlight the multiple crosses of common patterns as Clive Harper did with the Veandercross pedigree other than to say they no doubt exist but Verry Elleegant does carry impressive sex balancing to an array of both female and male ancestors at her 5th through 7th generational levels.
Commencing with influential females these include Special at 5x6 ( through son Nureyev in Zed and daughter Fairy Bridge in Opulence ), Flower Bowl at 6x6x7 ( cross-duplicated but with Opulence providing the all important female balancing line via Bowl Of Flowers ) and Natalma at 6x6x6x6x6x6 ( again cross-duplicated but this time Zed providing the all important female balancing line of Spring Adieu ).
Influential males also contribute their part. Large heart progenitor Princequillo at 7x6 is found in balance ( through son Round Table and daughter Somethingroyal ) in Zed, Native Dancer is balanced at 7x7x7x7x7x7 ( cross-duplicated but Opulence again contributing the key male balancing line via Raise A Native ), Crafty Admiral at 7x7x6 ( cross-duplicated but with Opulence offering the key female balancing line via Dennis Belle ), Petition at 7x6x7x6 ( both Zed and Opulence contributing balanced lines ) and Tom Fool at 7x7x7 ( cross-duplicated but this time Zed contributing the key female balancing line via Bebopper ).
Lastly, we note that Your Host is also present in Verry Elleegant's 7th generation ( found behind Opulence's own sire Danroad ). Your Host is a sibling of Flower Bed who can be found in both Zed as well as Opulence.
Don Goodwin, breeder of Verry Elleegant, may well be an octagenerian who contends he has only been breeding thoroughbreds for some 15 years or so and emphasizes that he "got lucky", but in repeat breedings of Opulence to Zed one gains the feeling that his luck may not be running out any time soon.
Might And Power:
Any study of past and present greats of the turf would not be complete if it did not include a product of Cambridge Stud. That pretty much goes without saying.
Not to be outshone by our previous two subjects, Might And Power went one better, being voted Australian Horse Of The Year twice, in 1998 and 1999.
His 1997 Caulfield - Melbourne Cup double followed up by his 1998 W.S.Cox Plate victories were just part of his 15 career triumphs from just the 33 starts allowing him to bankroll in excess of $5.2 million for owner Nick Moraitis.
A case here of similar fate to Veandercross, another legendary male horse who escaped the breeding shed courtesy of being minus his crown jewels.
Might And Power was by Zabeel and out of the mare Benediction ( by Day Is Done, a direct descendant of the Princequillo male lineage ).
Whilst his pedigree appears at face value to differ from that of our first two subjects ( Veandercross and Verry Elleegant ) in many ways it is still the same albeit the genetic fireworks happening a generation further removed.
Both Veandercross and Verry Elleegant had it all happening in the 3rd and 4th removes whereas for Might And Power it all happens ( to the presumed delight of Harold Hampton ) where it should at the 4th and 5th removes.
Nevertheless, the over-riding pattern is the same.
A single desirably sex balanced duplication at the 4th generation to the valuable male presence Round Table through his daughter Isolt ( dam of Sir Tristram, sire of Zabeel ) and son Artaius ( grandsire of Benediction ).
There is no reverse-sexing prevailing in this pedigree construction but rather a less flashy sex balanced inbreeding ( as Harper terms it ) at 4x4 to Round Table.
Round Table was tough, durable and versatile. He started 66 times over four seasons winning on 43 occasions from a two year old through to a seasoned five year old embracing a wide range of distances. He was voted 1958 American Horse Of The Year and inducted into the National Museum of the Hall Of Fame in 1972.
He was noted for his excellent balance and bone with an exceptional shoulder and short cannons. He also possessed an impressive foot long overstep and had a biased penchant for a good track surface, disliking a wet surface.
At Might And Power's 5th generational level we see the female cross-duplicated Rasmussen Factor kicking in ( both Veandercross and Verry Elleegant had this occuring at their 4th generation ) this time to All Moonshine, a daughter of Lord Derby's bonny matriarch Selene.
And it occurs in the same fashion as that held by Verry Elleegant, through two daughters, the half-sisters All My Eye ( granddam or Sir Tristram, sire of Zabeel ) and Eyewash ( 4th dam of Might And Power ). All My Eye being by My Babu whilst Eye Wash is by Blue Peter.
Other female cross-duplications permeate Might And Power's pedigree from the 6th generation and beyond including the likes of Feola at 6x6x7 through her daughters Knight's Daughter ( dam of Round Table ) and Angelola ( dam of Aureole as present in Day Is Done, sire of Benediction ). Selene's presence is formidable and also favourably sex balanced for maximum effectiveness through sons Pharamond II and Hyperion and daughter All Moonshine.
And we also see Lavendula II present at 7x7x7 through her daughters Source Sucree ( dam of Turn-To who features in Might And Power's paternal sireline ) and Perfume II ( dam of My Babu who can be found behind both Sir Tristram and Artaius ).
Male presences found in balance include the likes of Princequillo at 6x5x5, Mahmoud at 6x7 ( via son Mr Trouble and daughter Almahmoud ), Sir Cosmo at 6x6x7 ( via daughter Knight's Daughter and with Benediction contributing the all important male line via Panorama ), Nearco at 7x6x6x6 ( again with Benediction this time contributing the all elusive female line via Arctic Sun, dam of Arctic Prince ), Hyperion ( Selene's best racehorse son ) at 7x7x6x6 ( through sons Aristophanes and Aureole and daughters Lady Angela and Sunset Gun ), both pairings contributed equally by Zabeel and Benediction. Valued influence Blenheim is also found to be in balance at 7x7 to the near relations Mahmoud ( in Zabeel ) and Mumtaz Begum ( in Benediction ) as is Blandford via son Brantome ( in Zabeel ) and daughter Sparkle ( in Benediction ).
We also note the presence of Badruddin as found behind My Babu on both sides of Might And Power's pedigree. As a male scion, his presence should have meshed well with his siblings the female presences Mumtaz Begum and Mah Mahal who also feature in the 7-generational pedigree chart of Might And Power.
Before departing this short but enjoyable comparative analysis in pedigree construction of three true powerhouses of the Australasian turf over the last three decades in closing we would like to bring things down a few notches and perhaps much closer to home.
The Cambridge training partnership of Murray Baker and Andrew Forsman have in their stable a promising three year old filly by relatively new sire Vanbrugh. Her name is Mustang Valley and she is a very close relation to Might And Power, her 3rd dam Buenos Aires being a half-sister ( by Rainbow Quest ) to Might And Power.
Like Might And Power she is of impressive constitution physically and for comparative purposes it is worth having a quick look at her pedigree fabric without going into any extensive detail.
We find at the 4th generational level that she carries a cross-duplicated male double of Danehill ( through his sons Lucky Owners and Danehill Dancer ). So perhaps a little trepidation here.
But female doubles, again desirably cross-duplicated, come into their own at Hampton's favoured 4th and 5th generational levels which see Mustang Valley carrying a double Rasmussen Factor.
These feature Fairy Bridge at 4x5 courtesy of a male double via the full-brothers Fairy King ( great grandsire of Mustang Valley ) and Sadler's Wells ( great grandsire of Cream Of The Crop, dam of Mustang Valley ) and of course Benediction at 5x5 through her daughters the half-sisters Miss Priority ( dam of Lucky Owners, damsire of Vanbrugh ) and Buenos Aires ( 3rd dam of Mustang Valley ).
As with her 4x4 Danehill cross-duplication, neither of the two female cross-duplications are sex balanced ( for maximum potential effectiveness ) so it is going to be an interesting future watch to see just how far Mustang Valley can progress on the racetrack but one thing is for sure, she certainly carries big potential towards the breeding barn when her time arrives.
It can be a monumental challenge when a largely unheralded Studmaster with an unheralded stallion announce themselves to the breeding market in the shadows of having to compete with the firmly established "big boys" of thoroughbred breeding.
But even the "little man" eventually has his day in the sun and that day arrived for Jason Coutts and his Grassyards Farm ( situated at Mosgiel, just outside of Dunedin ) on Sunday 10 October 2021.
His well bred stallion Prince Of Brooklyn ( Magnus - Tristabeel, by Zabeel ) had just landed his first winner, but not in New Zealand where you would expect, but in Australia on a relaxing Sunday at Ballarat in the $35,000 Byerley Racing Club Maiden Plate over 1200m running 1:11.75 on a Soft 5 track in the hands of John Allen for trainers Mick Price and Michael Kent Jnr.
What made the result immensely satisfying was the fact that Brooklyn Boss ( 3g Prince Of Brooklyn - Zoe Brook, by Stravinsky ) was the very first racetrack runner for his sire and was on debut.
Nicknamed "Dynamite", Brooklyn Boss has an intriguing pedigree which could certainly pass as that of an all Cambridge Stud pedigree ( of days gone by when Sir Patrick Hogan was at the helm ).
It is often said when launching a new sire that it is especially important with the first crop to get them into reputable stables to maximise both their and the stallion's chances to enhance recognition.
We found no record of Prince Of Brooklyn in either the current 2021 Register Of Thoroughbred Stallions New Zealand nor for that matter in the 2020 edition but in the 2019 ( pre-Covid ) there he was in all his full splendour complete with full photograph and vital statistics on Page 53.
The words of Mick Price are once again immediately poignant when you look at the photograph "there's a lot of Zabeel about him", a phrase Mick had used previously when doing a voiceover for the Westbury Stud stallion Tarzino whom he had also trained.
And like Tarzino, Prince Of Brooklyn is also out of a Zabeel mare.
So what has/had happened to the stallion as he appeared to vanish from the public coalface in 2020 and 2021. Had he suffered the same fate as Zed once found himself in? Banished to the wilderness and serving station hacks and Clydesdales perhaps?
An email to Grassyards Farm asking these questions did not yield a response but we had noticed that during several Gavelhouse online auctions that "Grassyards" was an active bidder on several broodmares so perhaps Prince Of Brooklyn was still alive and Jason was endeavouring to find new mares for his stallion.
A check of the NZ Stud Book revealed Prince Of Brooklyn had covered 50 mares from 2017 through to 2019 ( 15 in 2017, 25 in 2018 and 10 in 2019 ) for a total of 23 registered foals to date and recording the wonderful Fertility Rate of 92.95% over the three covering seasons.
We were to find our answer confirming Prince Of Brooklyn's continued existence by browsing once again through the Gavelhouse online auction platform.
Their current online auction scheduled to close on 18 October 2021 has Listed as Lot 29 a Stallion Nomination to Prince Of Brooklyn, the seller being Grassyards Farm and the contact Jason. We had found our horse.
Delving into more detail on the Nomination it also states that "the full proceeds being donated to popular jockey Yong Chew who is currently battling throat cancer".
What a lovely touch from Jason and his family and we can only hope that this Stallion Nomination is well supported in a true spirit.
We will now have a quick look at Prince Of Brooklyn's pedigree to ascertain what he has to offer breeders' mares.
A perusal of Prince Of Brooklyn's direct maternal line of descendancy of the No 2 Family sees one name instantly clout us between the eyes, that of his 10th dam Entreaty ( 1920 ).
Entreaty is famously the dam of the legendary Phar Lap ( 1926 ) with Prince Of Brooklyn's 9th dam Raplis ( 1934 ) being a full-sister to Phar Lap ( Night Raid - Entreaty ).
Other top performers from this stirp of Family 2, which traces back some 31 generations ( for Prince Of Brooklyn ) to the taproot matriarch Old Thornton ( 1690's ), by Brimmer, include Fountaincourt ( a very capable miler turned 1983 Auckland Cup winner ), Blazing Saddles ( a brilliant sprinter and winner of the 1977 Blue Diamond Stakes ) and Research ( 3rd dam of Prince Of Brooklyn and no slouch herself being crowned the Champion 3YO in Australia in the 1988/89 season. Her victories included 4xGr1 events; the AJC Derby, AJC Oaks, VRC Oaks and the Flight Stakes ).
Pedigree-wise, Prince Of Brooklyn is effectively a product of the highly proven Danehill over Zabeel affinity being by Magnus ( a sharp grandson of Danehill ) and out of the lightly raced Zabeel mare Tristabeel.
He has a very well-balanced contemporary pedigree comprising a strong blend of both speed and staying presences which are ably confirmed by his 5-generation Tesio Dosage Profile Indicators which score the individual categories strongly at Brilliant ( precocity ) 12.0, Intermediate ( speed/sprinting ) 6.0, Classic ( class ) 21.0, Solid ( middle distances)1.0 and Professional ( ultimate staying distances ) 4.0 giving a very healthy overall Dosage Total of 44.0 points.
For those pedigree purists who deem inbreeding to be inclusive of the first 5 generations then Prince Of Brooklyn is inbred to Sir Ivor at 5x4x4 but desirably in sex-balance ( for maximum potential influence ).
His only other duplication occuring in his first 5 generations being a male double to Northern Dancer ( via Danzig and Nureyev ) which form part of his overall 5x6x6x5 linebreeding to Northern Dancer. The key point to note from this is that one of these presences is a female one through Northern Dancer's best racetrack daughter, Canadian wonder mare Fanfreluche.
This means that any mare bred to Prince Of Brooklyn with multiple male only lines of Northern Dancer can be bred to him with confidence safe in the knowledge that any resultant colt foal will be immune from the likely effects of what the late Jack Glengarry described in his book "Let's Breed A Champion Racehorse" as "plodder's syndrome".
We also see at the 6th and 7th removes ( generations ) of Prince Of Brooklyn's pedigree some excellent and thoughtful sex-balanced linebreeding to a number of highly influential and desirable forebears including the likes of Fair Trial 7x6, Big Game 7x7, Nasrullah 7x7x7x7 ( Glamour presenting the key female presence ), Princequillo 7x6x7, Native Dancer 7x6x7 and Grey Sovereign 7x7.
Looking to the future for Prince Of Brooklyn, and by no means an exhaustive list, it is easy to see that he could benefit from mares' offering male lines of Zabeel, Snippets, Bletchingly, Mr Prospector, Vain, Nureyev, Imperial Prince, Round Table, Val De Loir, Relic, Boucher, My Babu, Crepello and the broodmare gem Thong.
It also appears that he would be very receptive to mares' that can provide him with female lines of the forebears Danehill, Sir Tristram, Danzig, Lunchtime, Biscay, Raise A Native, Silly Season, Wilkes, Sir Gaylord, Star Kingdom, Ribot, Tom Fool, Court Martial and the broodmare icons Special and Rolls.
We will now return our attention to Prince Of Brooklyn's first winner Brooklyn Boss and see what his dam Zoe Brook had to offer the stallion.
The first thing we note is that Zoe Brook carries a powerful Cambridge Stud ( again from the days of Sir Patrick Hogan ) stamp being by Stravinsky and out of the Zabeel mare Thousand Veils ( who is perhaps best known these days as the dam of the Queensland based Snitzel stallion Perast )who in turn is out of the Cambridge Stud bred mare Forever Dancing ( Success Express - Kasimova, by Nijinsky II ).
Just to digress for a minute, we recently completed a second reading during lockdown of Sir Patrick Hogan's biography "Give A Man A Horse" where Sir Michael Fay relates the story of Forever Dancing and her Keeper yearling daughter Dancing Forever ( 2003 ) on Pages 389/390, the latter having put her foot through the floor of the float on route to the Magic Million Yearling Sales and sustaining severe injuries causing her withdrawal and repatriation to New Zealand where she would make a full recovery thanks to the wonderful treatment and sustained vigilance of the staff at Cambridge Stud.
Raced by Sir Michael Fay and Sir Patrick Hogan in partnership, Dancing Forever would go on to win 4 races.
Returning to Brooklyn Boss's dam Zoe Brook, her outstanding single pedigree feature is that she is 2x4 inbred to Nureyev in favourable sex-balance which allows her to offer Prince Of Brooklyn the male line of Nureyev ( Stravinsky ) that he is seeking. This is a "trigger presence" that also sees Brooklyn Boss carrying sex-balanced linebreeding to Nureyev at 5x3x5.
As both Prince Of Brooklyn and Zoe Brook are out of mares by Zabeel, it also means that Brooklyn Boss carries a close-up female double of Zabeel.
Both Sir Ivor at 6x5x6x5 and Northern Dancer at 6x7x7x6x4x6x6 underpin Brooklyn Boss's pedigree in favourable sex-balance with the latter ( as touched on earlier ) very important for any colt foal such as Brooklyn Boss ( now a gelding ).
Whilst adding a further female line of Mr Prospector resulting in Brooklyn Boss carrying a 5x5 cross-duplicated female double of this influential male forebear, we also note that Zoe Brook contributes a sex-balanced double of Nijinsky II. This is new blood for Prince Of Brooklyn and should be well-received by him, Brooklyn Boss being the benefactor at 7x5.
Zoe Brook also offers Prince Of Brooklyn a female line of the quality male presence Tom Fool via the latter's daughter Mrs Peterkin ( as found behind Success Express ) to balance his two male only lines of Tom Fool ( via Buckpasser and Silly Season ).
With quality male speed presences close-up in his pedigree through the likes of Danehill, Snippets, Vain, Bletchingly and Biscay we are not the least surprised that Prince Of Brooklyn's "first cab off the rank" is away to a flyer as his pedigree suggests he has the capability of leaving a precocious speedy early type like Brooklyn Boss or a talented staying type in the mould of his 3rd dam Research.
No doubt such versatility will be governed by the type of mare bred to him but given his pedigree let's hope Prince Of Brooklyn's future is deservingly progressive.
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